Healthcare is one of the oldest known subjects to mankind and it has garnered constant attention over the years. The desire to stay healthy, alter the paradigm of human life and betterment of human race has pushed the advances in healthcare at a fast pace. With the technological reforms, we have witnessed the advent of electronic health records (EHR), wearable medical devices, intraoral scanners and 3D printing. Among these developments, biosensors have also emerged in the past decade and they are going to get transformed even further in the future.
Biosensor is a device that consists of physiochemical detector coupled with biological components such as tissues, enzymes, nucleic acids and antibodies. IT works on the concept of receptor-transducer system. It is used to detect analyte and provide qualitative and quantitative information based on the external stimuli received. Today, there are different types of biosensors which are used to detect oxygen-levels, temperature and toxicity. The reason why biosensors have gained importance is because of its ability to provide fast, real-time and accurate information about the analyte. Biosensors find application in different industries such as agriculture, food safety, medicine and environmental monitoring.
The biosensors used today are able to perform the desired activities, but there exists the challenge to develop better devices with the use of technology. The trends that will transform the biosensors are as follows:
The scientists and researchers across the globe are working on changing the way biosensing works at molecular level. The focus is on integrating physics and biology to develop nanostructures. This will help to improve the interface by breaking down things to the granular level.
· Multianalyte Diagnosis
The need to shift from single analyte diagnosis to multianalyte diagnosis will be of great importance in the future. Multianalyte diagnosis can serve great deal of purpose in environmental monitoring. The biosensor will be able to conduct real-time monitoring on parallel basis.
· Proving the Efficacy of Biosensors
The acceptance of biosensors depends upon the validation process and how they are better than the conventional process. Independent validation needs to be conducted on parameters such as the convenience, reliability and robustness of the biosensors. There are globally accepted procedures such as ADAC and ISO which set the standard for providing validation.
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