Introduction of Natural Refrigerants in Industrial Applications Will Drive the Refrigerant Oil Growth.
The usage of natural refrigerantsprovides immense benefits for the ecosystem that includes raw material suppliers to end users. It is because of the environmental concerns to help the planet from global warming and ozone depletion. The use of natural refrigerants in the market is back after the EU F-gas regulations. Natural refrigerants such as ammonia (NH3), Hydrocarbon (HC), Carbon Dioxide (CO2), air and water are used in various industries for refrigeration purpose where, food & beverage industry is the major end user.
Owing to the F-gas regulations and environmental concerns, the refrigerant systems and technologies are designed in a way compatible with the natural refrigerants. Natural refrigerants are the long term alternatives in food preservation and industrial process applications. Among the natural refrigerants, ammonia due to its thermodynamic properties is the major choice of refrigerant in the food & beverage industry.
The refrigerants need to be used with refrigerant oils, which help in the smooth flow of refrigerants in the compressor. To work better refrigerants should be installed in the compressor with compatible refrigerant oil. CO2 based natural refrigerants (R-744) are compatible with polyol ester oil (POE) and poly alkyl oil (PAG); whereas hydrocarbon refrigerants are compatible with mineral oil, alkyl benzene oil and Polyol ester oil. The compatibility of refrigerant oil in Ammonia based refrigerants depends upon the system type. With the F-gas regulations, the natural refrigerants are the preferred refrigerants which have zero or less GWP and ozone depletion. Among all the natural refrigerants, ammonia is the environmental compatible and has zero effect on ozone depletion and global warming.
For the cost effective refrigeration, natural refrigerant like ammonia is the best inexpensive refrigerant to be used. When compared with the man-made synthetic refrigerants, the natural refrigerants are less expensive since most of these are available naturally and are by products of industrial process. Increasing popularity of natural refrigerants will also reflect on the refrigeration oil market especially POE refrigeration oil owing to its compatibility with most of the natural refrigerants.
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