In this modern era witnessing industrial transition towards Industry 4.0 and implementation of artificial intelligence (AI) in industrialized operations, with lack of appropriate automation and effective data exchange maneuvers, substantial investments into the Internet of things (IoT) and the Industrial Internet of Things (IIOT) can witness a repercussion. Hence, to rightfully capitalize big data generated by the connected spectrum, having a high performance network is obligatory. As integrating all devices, machines, and systems into a single and unified interface is challenging via wired network, enterprises and industries are making a paradigm shift towards wireless sensor network (WSN) for automation of processes. Similarly, automation of building and home spaces is also rampantly implementing wireless sensor network. A classic example can be derived from the recent developments made in 2019 by ABB Ltd., an automation company. ABB in a partnership with mobile phone operator Telia and software engineering firm Atostek Oy is developing and piloting an industrial artificial intelligence (AI) application by integrating 5G wireless technology to assist the efficiently assembly of drives at its plant in Pitäjänmäki, Helsinki, Finland. The AI application amalgamated with image sensors will ensure the efficient assembly of drives, and the wireless connectivity will deliver real time feedback offering a well-organized perspective. Hence, the adoption of WSN by one of the frontrunners in the automation industry, depicts the extensive Wireless Sensor Network for Building and Home Automation Market growth. 

Apart from automation, ‘energy management’ is another pivotal global demand that is being capitalized by WSN for building automation market players. Considering the rampant depletion of fossil resources and adverse economic effects of energy wastage, building and infrastructure sector is also in transit towards ‘low carbon economy’ for better utility management. Similarly, the Building Automation Systems (BAS) also known as Building Management Systems (BMS) or Energy Management Control Systems (EMCS) integrated with wireless sensor network are employed to optimize the energy efficiency across various operations in an infrastructure that includes but is not limited to HVAC and lighting systems. Connected via networks of software, BAS is accomplished of centralizing and automating safety, security and energy utility and response to demand of a building along with lowering environmental impact. A standard example of ‘energy management’ delivered by WSN can be derived from the same aforementioned ABB’s plant in Pitäjänmäki, Helsinki. ABB’s low voltage AC drives factory has a 181 kilowatt (kW) solar power system installed on the rooftop. Direct current generated by solar panels are converted into high-quality alternating current via ABB solar inverters. And, each of the inverters are connected to a remotely monitored wireless network for building automation system. Therefore, keeping in consideration such developments in the industrial sector along with depleting cost of sensors and inexpensive implementation of IoT that is augmenting the uptake of such services at domestic spaces as well, global wireless sensor network for building and home automation market size was evaluated to be $4.65 billion. Global initiative towards automation in the form of ‘smart cities’ is a major disruptive force, accountable for the market demand to be progressing at a global CAGR of 14.4 % during the forecast period of 2019-2025.

Zigbee – Leading the Wireless Sensor Market with Rampant Application in Infrastructure Automation:

Bifurcating the market in terms of communication technology on which the sensors rely for real time exchange of data and commands, the arena is composed of Zigbee, Z-Wave, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth as dominant technologies. As per an online release by Zigbee Alliance, even though Wi-Fi and Bluetooth Low Energy have substantial share in the market, Zigbee is a frontrunner with applications in more than 1 of 3 smart home wireless sensor network chipset shipments. The semiconductor industry is witnessing entrants such as Qualcomm, Nordic Semiconductor and ON Semiconductor, augmenting the level of competition which is directing players to adapt rational selling prices. Hence, economic chipset costs have equipped developers to implement Zigbee/Bluetooth Low Energy combo chips that enhances expenditures at a very minimal rate while offering lucrative operations of Bluetooth LE smart phone amalgamation and the preeminence of Zigbee for wireless sensor networking. Another pivotal aspect adding to the stark affluence of ZigBee is the application of wireless mesh sensor network standards for buildings, metering, smart homes, smart cities and industrial automation. As of 2018, 500 million mesh chips are recorder to be sold, and by 2023, it is anticipated that 4.5 billion mesh devices will be sold globally with most of it employing ZigBee.

North America – A Lucrative Marketplace for Smart Home Appliances, Industrial IoT, and Smart Cities (Avid Employers of Wireless Sensor Network for Automation):

Regional viewpoint of the global wireless sensors network for building and home automation market indicates North America to be the most lucrative terrain holding the apex spot in terms of demand. With some of the most globally advanced settlements such as the United States and Canada this region held a substantial 35.5% share in global demand for the year 2018. The sheer affluence could be attributed to its numerous sectors such as energy and construction that is equipped with cutting-edge technology and compatibility in terms of infrastructure to install intricate wireless sensors and its networks.

Some factors supporting the argument:

· Smart home appliances with constituents such as smart TV, smart home assistant (Alexa and Echo) and smart security camera is gaining prominence  as an authoritative advanced security solution, an entertainment device and a healthcare solution as well for monitoring and assisting pediatric citizen stationed at home. Integrated with IoT, smart home appliances necessitates the application of wireless sensor networks for connecting several devices and real time notifications and updates that is the one of primes purpose of smart appliances. Some example of such sensors are surveillance and security image sensors, and motion and positioning pressure sensors. Hence, North America being a global leader in smart home appliances forum capturing 31.57% of global demand in 2018, is generating substantial opportunities for wireless sensors networks for home automation market.

· According to the statistics released by Consumer Technology Association, the share of global population with urban habitat in cities by 2050 will be exceeding 66%. As a consequence of such an influx of traffic, prevailing outline of infrastructures in cities demand a smarter implementation in its processes and undertakings, eventually creating scope of application for wireless sensor network integrated BAS systems in a large scale. Smart cities necessitates technical elements such as information and communication technology, network infrastructure (5G, IoT), data sharing platform (cloud sharing services), specific hardware application (meters, sensors, and IP-camera) and data management services (block chain). Inclusion of such technology smart cities will equip concerned authorities bodies with efficient, effective and real-time management of traffic and transportation systems, power plants, water supply networks, waste management, information systems, schools, libraries, hospitals, and other community services. Hosting economies such as the Unites States with impeccable ICT federal budgets, North America accomplished to source 40.21% of global demand share of smart cities market for the year 2018. Very similarly like home automation, application of BAS in smart cities is just in a wider scale.

· Similarly, Industrial IoT market is a mega-trend in North America, as this region generated 33.5% of global market demand in 2018. IIot platforms for efficient operations install wireless sensors networks connected with industrial monitoring devices and autonomous sensors in industrial facilities to track real-time production, field services, asset tracking, and facility management to quickly adapt to any required changes and cease any adverse economic effect caused by delays. Some censors commonly applied in industries are temperature sensors, pressure sensors, level sensors, flow sensors, humidity sensors, and gas sensors. Thus, North American enormous industrial facilities incorporating IIot platforms is a profitable nucleus for wireless sensors network for industrial automation. Moreover, industrial application segment in the global WSN for building automation is the fastest growing vertical with an application CAGR of 16.5% going through to 2025. As wired systems are prone towards wearing and corrosion, they tend to amplify overall maintenance costs due to the extent of hardware employed, restraining the returns. Hence, wireless systems loaded with sensors and controlled by software are being well acknowledged and adapted by industries due to ease of installation and economic efficiency.

Global Transition towards Alternative Energy – Construction of Newer Power Plants Compels Adoption of Wireless Sensors Network for Infrastructure Automation:

According to International Energy Agency, energy demand escalated by 2.3% in 2018, with global energy-related CO2 emissions rose by 1.7% to 33 Gigatonnes (Gt). The market for renewable energy is untapped as it is evidently portrayed by fossil fuels still sourcing nearly 70% of the energy growth for the second year consecutively. Since the renewable’s sector is exhibiting remarkable growth prospects in the direction of decreasing the dependency on depleting fossil fuels, countries and energy companies have embarked towards several clean energy projects of all kinds. As a consequence, there is an extensive array of projects under pipeline in renewable’s sector that is foreseen to be adding impetus in global wireless sensor network for building automation market demand. Bourgeoning developments in the nuclear energy sector has embarked an array of opportunities for BAS systems to be employed in power plants, for operations such as pressure monitoring, leakage detection and fire detection that are deemed to be of utmost importance in such hazardous settings. Some of the biggest planned renewable energy projects in the world are Asian Renewable Energy Hub (AREH) – 6,000 MW solar/wind – Australia, The TuNur project- 4,000 MW solar – Tunisia, Asian Renewable Energy Hub (AREH) – 6,000 MW solar/wind – Australia, Grand Inga Hydroelectric Project- 40,000 MW hydro – DR Congo, Tidal Lagoon Cardiff- 3,400 MW tidal – Wales, UK, and Gansu Wind Farm Project- 10,000 MW wind – China. With such undertakings globally, demand for infrastructures catering the power and energy sector is cumulative, eventually creating demand for wireless sensor network for infrastructure automation systems to be employed.

Wireless Sensor Network for Building & Home Automation Market Companies:

Some of the key players operating in the global market are ABB Ltd., Siemens AG, Schneider Electric SE, Yokogawa Electric Corporation, Nest Labs Inc., United Technologies Corporation, Texas Instrument, Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., and Honeywell International, Inc.


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