Microscopy is a term allocated to the science of applying microscope to view the objects which lie outside the resolution range of human eye. The microscopes play a key role in identification of micro-objects, research and development across diverse fields in electronics, mechanical and life sciences. In electronics, microscopes have found their role in semiconductor and nanotechnology industry. The ever decreasing size of electronic components and circuits inside the electrical devices has made microscopes necessary for their inspection while nanotechnology involves electron microscopes to study the details of nanostructures. The professionals in mechanical field operate microscopes primarily for calibration purposes (in metrology) and studying the physical structure of materials (in material science).But the field where microscopes are heavily employed is life sciences. They are utilized in the scientific study of living beings including microorganisms, plants, animals and human beings. The widespread use of microscopes has made them an indispensable aspect of human life.
Microscopes cater to the needs of different industries like metrology, metallography, medical science, nanotechnology, semiconductors, applied physics, chemistry and forensic science. All these fields require microscopes for in-depth analysis of cause behind the working forces at resolution levels lying outside the range of human eyes. Depending upon the principle used to form the image of objects, microscopes are primarily divided into three main categories: electron, optical and scanning probe microscopes.
The global microscopy devices market revenue is expected to increase from around $3.84bn in 2013 to around $7.45bn, essentially doubling in the 5 years period, growing at a CAGR of 14.2%.
The principal use of microscopes is in research and development unfurled across multiple fields such as semiconductors, nanotechnology, advanced materials, composite materials, health and medical sciences.